Around 5% of diagnoses are rare types of diabetes. Do you want to know more about some of these less common pathologies?
In 2019 almost 10% of the population was living with diabetes. This equates to more than 460 million people. Additionally, a small percentage of these people have rare types of diabetes.
We all know about gestational diabetes or type 1 or 2 diabetes, which are the most common ones. But there are several others that are not so common. If you want to know a little more about them, you can’t miss this article.
The MODY type tops the list of rare types of diabetes. Its name comes from the acronym: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young.
Sometimes it is confused with type 2 diabetes. But it has nothing to do with it. This type of diabetes is caused by a mutation. Usually it is passed from parents to children, but it can also be random.
Within the variations of type 1 diabetes we can find diabetes LABIL. The main thing about this rare type of diabetes is that it is very difficult to control.
People who have it experience very drastic blood sugar highs and lows. Also, they tend to have a lot resistance to insulin.
A very curious thing happens with LADA diabetes. It’s an autoimmune condition like type 1. But, because it is slowly progressive, it doesn’t appear until after the age of 30. That is why it is often mistaken for type 2 diabetes.
It is actually type 1 diabetes but with late development.
Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus
This rare type of diabetes appears in newborn babies. Like MODY diabetes, it is caused by a mutation. But it has a very special feature: it can be reversible.
50% of cases are transient and disappear during childhood. However, these children are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
There are cases where diabetes does not appear on its own. Instead, it is a symptom of another disease. This is the case with Wolfram Syndrome. This is a neurodegenerative condition and the first symptom that usually appears is type 1 diabetes.
From then on, people with this condition start to lose their sight and hearing. After that, problems with fluid control appear. And finally, neurological issues.
Diabetes due to cystic fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that sometimes is also the cause of diabetes. This condition mainly affects the fluids that come out of the lungs, the digestive system and the pancreas. Normally, these are fluid. But in people with cystic fibrosis, they are thick, so they create obstructions.
Almost half of the diagnoses end up affecting the pancreas. It starts to produce less insulin. Which causes diabetes when the patient is in their early 20s.
Diabetes due to medications
Besides diseases, some medications can also create metabolic disorders. The most frequent ones are corticoids. They are medications that simulate the effect of certain hormones.
They are used for a lot of different diseases. But they do have side effects For example, insulin resistance. This makes the pancreas not do its job well and, eventually, causes type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes related to chronic pancreatitis
If you have chronic pancreatitis you also need to be aware. Constant inflammation of the pancreas can damage the cells that produce insulin, leading to diabetes. It may seem rare, but this happens in about 50% of patients.
It doesn’t matter if you have one of the rare types of diabetes or if you have a more common type. In all cases, if you want to keep your diabetes under control, you will have to get used to monitoring your glucose all the time. Cori can help you with this task. Are you up for giving it a try?
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